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Fantasy Architecture 1500 - 2036

30 April - 3 July 2004

Imagined buildings, structures and schemes - from designs for palaces by medieval masters to futuristic film sets - are the focus of this new National Touring Exhibition which opens in Sunderland before touring to Salford, Walsall and Preston.

Featuring the work of visionary figures as diverse as Inigo Jones, Joseph Paxton, Robert Adam, John Soane, Edwin Lutyens, Archigram and Foreign Office Architects, this exhibition includes a wealth of historical and contemporary drawings. Paintings, models, collage, film and computer renderings of designs for buildings that might have changed our lives, or could still do so, are also presented. Organised by the Hayward Gallery in collaboration with the Royal Institute of British Architects.

An explosion of building activity across Britain has made headlines over the past decade, with lottery-funded projects transforming towns and cities. Architects' impressions, which herald these projects, have become familiar. Yet these designs for built and un-built projects have been produced for hundreds of years, from ink and wash drawings to the computer animations of today. Many were intended to enthuse and convince clients about real schemes, but some were private fantasies. This exhibition explores how the world might look today had the politics, the economics, the technical
possibilities and the tastes of our predecessors been different.

Fantasy Architecture is divided into eight sections. The first, Private
Worlds, looks at domestic environments, including the architect and design studio Softroom's 1998 commission for Wallpaper* magazine showing a radical alternative vision of twenty-first century domesticity. The Appliance of Science includes designs by the adventurous counter-cultural group Archigram, as well as NASA Ames Research Center's scheme for a space settlement developed in the 1970s.

Megastructure includes Asymptote's recent design for the New York Virtual Stock Exchange with streams of financial data as a dynamic virtual environment and Joseph Paxton's 1855 vision for a monumental ten mile Great Victorian Way, combining shops, hotels and restaurants with an elevated railway. Vertical Visions reveals un-built plans for a new World Trade Center by Foster and Partners and a design for a bombastic tower commissioned by Gordon Selfridge in 1918 to perch atop his London department store.

Past Perfect shows visions of imaginary landscapes and panoramas inspired by legend and archaeological evidence, while City Futures offers a glimpse of things to come in works like Fast Forward, 2001, a film designed to test visual memory of London's skyline. All the World's a Stage includes the lavishly ornamented Renaissance set designs of the Galli Bibiena Family and a sketch for a Fun Palace of 1974 by Cedric Price. The final section, In Memoriam, is at once serious and humorous. It includes designs for a Princess Diana Memorial Bridge by FAT as well as Claes Oldenburg's 1966 maquette for a monument to the mini-skirt.

Fantasy Architecture is accompanied by a full colour catalogue (price Ł12.95, available from NGCA or by mail order) illustrating all the works in the exhibition. It includes texts by the exhibition's selectors Neil Bingham, Clare Carolin and Rob Wilson, and a personal meditation on the subject of fantasy architecture by the former member of Archigram, Peter Cook.

The exhibition is accompanied by an exciting interactive resource centre specially commissioned from d-squared design. Inspired by children's building blocks, the resource centre is designed using thermochromic materials that respond to touch by changing colour.

For over 30 years, the Hayward Gallery has played a key role in creating imaginative, high profile exhibitions in London and, through National Touring Exhibitions, within the UK. Both NTE and the Arts Council Collection are managed by the Hayward Gallery on behalf of Arts Council England, and add to the Hayward's distinctive national remit.

TOUR DATES
30 April - 3 July 2004
SUNDERLAND, Northern Gallery forContemporary Art
17 July - 19 September
SALFORD, The Lowry
1 October - 21 November 2004
WALSALL, New Art Gallery
29 January - 9 April 2005
PRESTON, Harris Museum and Art Gallery

Fantasy Architecture features the work of the following architects, artists and designers, as well as selected film clips:

PRIVATE WORLDS
Anchor Blocks; F.A.D. Richter & Co., Max Clenndining, Foreign Office
Architects, Ernö Goldfinger, Louis Hellman, James Kennedy-Hawkes, Edwin Lutyens, Christopher Nicholson, Ora-Ďto, Eric Parry, John Smythson, Robert Smythson, Softroom, Berthold Lubetkin, Ushida Findlay, Charles Francis Annesley Voysey, Clough Williams-Ellis

THE APPLIANCE OF SCIENCE
Alsop Architects, Ove Nyquist Arup, Eduardo Fernando Catalano, James Clephan, Peter Cook, Ronald Aver Duncan, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Stephen Geary, Joseph Hartland, Ron Herron; Archigram, William Low, Greg Lynn; FORM, Virgilio Marchi, NASA Ames Research Center, Raymond McGrath, Nils Norman,
Geoff Shearcroft/AOC

MEGASTRUCTURES
Asymptote, Charles Barry, John Belcher, Etienne Louis Boullée, W. Bridges, Peter Cook; Archigram, Constant, Freedom Ship International, Charles Holden, Marshall & Tweedy with Oliver Bernard and Partners, Leslie Martin, Joseph Paxton, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Superstudio

VERTICAL VISIONS
Stefan Buzas, Peter Cook, Elgo Plastics Inc., Foster and Partners, MVRDV, Thomas Rickman and Richard Charles Hussey, R. Seifert and Partners, Paolo Soleri, Philip Armstrong Tilden, King Vidor, Wim Wenders, Alfred Waterhouse

PAST PERFECT
Robert Adam, The Adventure Company/Wanadoo, Henry Carlton Bradshaw, Henry William Brewer, Alexander Carse, Charles Robert Cockerell, Raymond Erith and Quinlan Terry, Takehiko Nagakura, Andrea Palladio, Giovanni Pastrone, Arthur Beresford Pite, William Walcot, Paul Wegener and Carl Boese

CITY FUTURES
Michael Anderson, Birds Portchmouth Russum Architects, David Butler, George Dance, Balkrishna V. Doshi, EA Games, Maurice Elvey, Hayes Davidson, Zaha Hadid, Helmut Jacoby, Virgilio Marchi, Eric Mendelsohn, William Cameron Menzies / László Moholy-Nagy, William Noel Moffett, John Buonarotti Papworth, Stephan Rowland Pierce, Gaston Quiribet, Rodney Thomas, Clough Williams-Ellis

ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE
John Alexander, Birds Portchmouth Russum Architects, Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray, Hood & Fouilhoux and C. Howard Crane, Antonio Galli Bibiena, Giovanni Carlo Galli Bibiena, Guiseppe Galli Bibiena, Inigo Jones, Cedric Price

IN MEMORIAM
William Chambers, FAT, John Flaxman, Foreign Office Architects, Foster and Partners, Ernö Goldfinger, Francis Goodwin, Thomas Affleck Greeves, Thomas Harrison, Louis Hellman, Hector Horeau, Tom Mellor, Claes Oldenburg, John Pollard Seddon and Edward Beckitt Lamb, John Soan

  *
Image: Peter Cook
Design for Sleektower and Veranda Tower, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 1984
Print, coloured (101 x 73.5 cm)
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Softroom
Mason Canif, 1997
Digital image
© Softroom

*
FAT (Fashion, Architecture, Taste)
Princess Diana Memorial Bridge, London, 1988
Digital Print (dimensions variable)
© FAT

*
Will Alsop
The Fourth Grace, 2002
Digital print (dimensions variable)
© Alsop Architects Limited. Image by Virtual Artworks.

*
Alexander Carse (fl.1794-1838)
View of the Willow Cathedral, 1792
Watercolour
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Birds Portchmouth Russum Architects
Morecambe Nightview, 1991
Crayon and ink on film (162 x 860 cm)
© Birds Portchmouth Russum Architects

*
Stephen Rowland Pierce (1896-1966)
Design for postwar reconstruction of the "Metropolis of Britain", 1942
Brown pen and wash
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Étienne Louis Boullée (1728-1799)
Project for a metropolian cathedral in the form of a Greek cross with a domed centre, 1782
Pen and grey wash
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Foreign Office Architects
World Trade Centre, New York, 2002
Digital Print (dimensions viable)
© Foreign Office Architects

*
John Pollard Seddon (1827-1906) and Edward Beckitt Lamb (1857-1934)
Design for the Imperial Monumental Halls and Tower, Westminster, London, 1904
Watercolour on board
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Philip Armstrong Tilden (1887-1956)
Design for a tower for Selfridge's department store, Oxford Street, London, 1918
Pen
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray, Hood & Fouilhoux, and C. Howard Crane
Design for International Music Hall and Opera House, Hyde Park Corner, London, c.1935
Interior perspective of Grand Foyer
Gouache and gold paint
RIBA Library Drawings Collection

*
Geoff Shearcroft
'Grow Your Own', 2002